The Pacific Coast population of the Western Snowy Plover (Charadrius nivosus nivosus, Snowy Plover) breeds along or near tidal waters and is behaviorally distinct from the interior population (Funk 2007).
Citizen Science-based Colonial Waterbird Monitoring at the San Francisco Bay Bird Observatory - 2012 Nesting Summary
Estuaries are among the most dynamic, complex, and biologically productive ecosystems in the world (Alongi 1998, Good 1999). Yet, they are also extremely vulnerable to human disturbance (Kennish 2002, Lotze et al. 2006).
This report serves as a data summary and preliminary, coarse-scale assessment of waterbird and water quality monitoring efforts at Coyote Hills, Dumbarton, and Mowry salt pond complexes in the South San Francisco Bay.
In order to determine where the displaced California Gulls would nest in 2011 and to prevent them from nesting in ecologically sensitive areas, the San Francisco Bay Bird Observatory (SFBBO) and the Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) conducted intensive surveys and se