San Francisco Bay supports thousands of breeding waterbirds annually and historically has hosted large populations of American avocets (Recurvirostra americana), black-necked stilts (Himantopus mexicanus), and Forster’s terns (Sterna forsteri).
Breeding Waterbird Populations Have Declined in South San Francisco Bay: An Assessment Over Two Decades
In south San Francisco Bay, former salt ponds now managed as wildlife habitat support large populations of breeding waterbirds. In 2006, the South Bay Salt Pond Restoration Project began the process of converting 50% to 90% of these managed pond habitats into tidal marsh.
Establishing Forster’s Tern (Sterna forsteri) Nesting Sites at Pond A16 Using Social Attraction for the South Bay Salt Pond Restoration Project
Evaluation of social attraction measures to establish Forster's tern (Sterna forsteri) nesting colonies for the South Bay Salt Pond Restoration Project, San Francisco Bay, California--2017 Annual Report
Egg turning behavior and incubation temperature in Forster's terns in relation to mercury contamination
Prey fish returned to Forster's tern colonies suggest spatial and temporal differences in fish composition and availability
Gull populations can severely limit the productivity of waterbirds. Relocating gull colonies may reduce their effects on nearby breeding waterbirds, but there are few examples of this management strategy.
Impact of Salt Pond Restoration on California Gull Displacement and Predation on Breeding Waterbirds - Annual Report 2010
Our objectives are to determine the impact of gulls on breeding snowy plovers and Forster’s terns.; Color-mark California gulls at A6 to determine potential nesting distributions after restoration of A6.; Continue our California gull colony surveys to document current population size.